Smart city management can include monitoring the usage of waste, power and water supplies, technology, traffic, public transport, and public spaces to improve resourcefulness, and to make cities greener, more eco-friendly and working ‘smarter.’
‘Smart Management’ has become a buzzword for city planners when talking about developing next-generation cities. Cities across the world, particularly in Europe, are being promoted and celebrated for their ‘smart innovations’.
The prestigious ‘World Smart City’ title was awarded to Copenhagen in 2014, for its Smart city strategy ‘Connecting Copenhagen’. These initiatives focused on collecting data on traffic management and air quality to make the city greener and improve its citizens’ quality of life.
Milan’s city planners monitored the number of cars entering the city through certain access points, using advanced digital technologies. They are now planning to extend these access points to cover almost the whole of the city, to significantly reduce pollution and CO2 emissions.
In 1994 Stockholm’s Smart city technology the ‘Stokab Dark Fibre System’ was developed. This innovative technology provides a fibre optic network across the city. Stockholm works continuously on Smart initiatives to develop energy-efficient buildings and monitor the city’s traffic.
Amsterdam’s ‘Smart City’ programme was introduced in 2009 with the objective of reducing traffic pollution, energy and to improve transport systems. The Initiative includes over 170 collaborative projects led by their government, residents, and businesses. Projects have included developing ‘smart lighting’ by upgrading street lamps so they can be dimmed based on usage. Homes have also been provided with smart meters, and smart-traffic sensors now enable the city to alert drivers to traffic conditions.
Milton Keynes Smart initiative is led by local government and businesses, and focuses on monitoring transport, reducing energy and water usage. Their ‘MK Data Hub’ acquires energy and water consumption data, and transportation data to monitor the state of the environment.